Hardwood trees for planting this spring 2015
Green County Land & Water Conservation Department is offering 10 varieties of trees, and 2 varieties of shrubs, for landowners interested in planting trees next spring 2015. The tree varieties are: Bur Oak, Red Oak, White Oak, and Tamarack, Sugar Maple, Sycamore, Butternut, Shagbark Hickory, White Pine, and Kentucky Coffee. Shrubs available are: Hazel Nut and Nannyberry. The trees and shrubs will be bare root, 1-2’ tall for Tamarack, Shagbark Hickory and Kentucky Coffee, 1.5-2’ tall for Butternut, 2-3’ tall for the Bur and White Oak, Sugar Maple, Sycamore, White Pine, Hazelnut, and Nannyberry, 3-4’tall Red Oak. The cost is only $2.00 a tree with a minimum order of 10 of one species and must be ordered in increments of 10 per species.
The trees and shrubs are all native to the area. The species offered this year cover a broad range of soil types and moistures, from dry to very wet. The featured species this year is the Tamarack. It is a deciduous conifer (i.e. a conifer that drops its needles in the fall). Its needles turn a bright golden color before being shed.
Trees can be ordered by contacting the LWCD directly by phone and walk-in, or by ordering through the Green County website www.co.green.wi.gov. If you are unsure about what trees will work in your particular soil, have any questions about the trees or how to order stop in or give the Green County Land & Water Conservation Department a call at 325-4195. We will be taking orders until Friday February 13th. Trees will be delivered near the end of April.
There will be a group order form passed around at the October 23, 2014 Master Gardener Association meeting.
TO ORDER: Visit their website: http://www.co.green.wi.gov/localgov_departments_details.asp?deptid=114&locid=148
Download Forms: Order Form, Tree Description, Tree List – PDF
Tree & Shrub Sale!
3-4’ Red Oak
2-3’ White Oak
2-3’ Sugar Maple
1-2’ Shagbark Hickory
2-3’ White Pine
1-2’ Kentucky Coffee
2-3’ Hazel Nut
- Bare Root Hardwood Trees/Shrubs
- Only $2.00 each tree/shrub. Must order a minimum of 10 of same type of tree/shrub.
- Minimum order 10 of one species
Click on the tab to learn more about each of the trees and shrubs available.
[su_tab title=”Bur Oak“]
Bur Oak is a medium to large tree. Commonly grows up to 60-80 feet in height and 2-3 feet in diameter. Some trees reach 5 feet in diameter. Slow growing. They will grow on dry upland sites as well as moist ‘bottoms’. Most wide spread of the oaks. Bur Oak trees are often seen in pure stands on old pasture sites. A member of the white oak tree group, it is used to make whiskey barrels, railroad ties, flooring, and furniture. Bur Oak trees tolerate alkaline soils. They should be included in any planting.
[su_tab title=”Red Oak“]
Red Oaks are medium to large-sized tree growing 70-90 feet tall and 2-4 feet in diameter. Red Oak trees grows best on moist sites with black oak trees and walnut trees. They are one of the fastest growing oak trees. Wood is most desirable of all red oaks and supplies the majority of all red oak lumber. Red Oak trees self-prunes very well as large clear stems bringing added value. Fall color ranges from vibrant red to brown. They should be included in any planting.
[su_tab title=”White Oak”]
White Oaks are large trees reaching 80-100 feet tall and 2-3 feet in diameter. They grow well on dry uplands and hillsides. Slow growing. Wood is historically the most valued of all the oak trees. Early ships were built almost entirely of white oak. Currently used for whiskey barrels, flooring, furniture and veneer. White Oak trees are becoming more rare in natural stands. They should be planted in any upland planting.
[su_tab title=”Tamarack (American Larch)”]
Tamarack, or American Larch are a deciduous conifer tree (i.e. a conifer that drops its needles in the fall) and ranges in height between 35-65 feet. It grows in wet soils. Needles turn a bright golden color before being shed in the fall. The wood is tough and very rot resistant. Native Americans used it for snow shoes. Song birds eat the seeds and nest in the tree.
[su_tab title=”Sugar Maple”]
Sugar Maples are shade trees and grow to be 60-75′ in height with a spread of about 40-50′ at full maturity. Sugar Maple trees grow in deep, well drained, acidic, to slightly alkaline soil. Prefers moist soil conditions but has moderate drought resistance. Sugar Maple trees have an oval, rounded shape with leaves that are 3-5 in. across with 5, or rarely 3, distinctive lobes. Flower colors are green and yellow and they bloom in April and May. Do not plant in confined areas or where salt is a problem. The wood of the Sugar Maple tree has always been highly valued for furniture because of its beauty and extreme hardness. Once mature enough it can be tapped to make maple sugar.
[su_tab title=”Butternut (White Walnut)”]
Butternut or White Walnut are medium sized trees and grow to 40-60’ in height and has a spread of 35-50’ in diameter. It grows in a wide range of soils and moistures, but prefers moist soils. The leaf is somewhat brighter, yellower green than many other tree leaves. The flowers are inconspicuous yellow-green produced in spring at the same time as the new leaves appear. Has distinctive ridged and furrowed bark. It produces drooping clusters of sweet nuts. The nuts are usually used in baking and making candies, having an oily texture and pleasant flavor. The attractive, light golden wood is used for paneling and furniture. Plant at least 2 for pollination.
[su_tab title=”Shagbark Hickory”]
Shagbark Hickory are large slow growing trees and may reach up to 100’ in height. They grow in moist soils. It was often found in association with other hardwood trees. Nuts from the hickory are edible and are often eaten by wildlife such as; squirrels, ducks, pheasants, turkey, and deer. It has dense hard wood used for baseball bats, furniture, and flooring.
Sycamore trees prefer rich dark soil. Grows to 60-120’with large spreading limbs. It’s leaves are like Maple treesand large measuring 10” across. It has unusual bark of mottled spots of browns, yellows, and greens on a white background. It is valued for timber. The fruit are 1” round spiny balls suspended on a stalk. Song birds eat the seeds inside the spiny fruit.
[su_tab title=”White Pine”]
White Pine trees are conifers reaching 75 to 100′ tall by 30-50′ wide. It can reach well over 100′ tall. They like moist, sandy soils, but grow well on a variety of soil types. They tend to grow in clay soils better than most pines. White pine trees prefer well-drained soil and cool, humid climates, but also grow in boggy areas and rocky highlands. The needles are in fascicles (bundles) of five (rarely 3 or 4), with a deciduous sheath. They are flexible, bluish-green, finely serrated, and 2–5 in long. Seed is eaten by squirrels, wood duck, bobwhite, pheasant, and many varieties of woodpeckers. The seed and needles are eaten by spruce grouse and turkey.
[su_tab title=”Kentucky Coffee”]
Kentucky Coffee is a deciduous tree that reaches a height of 60-70’. It is a moderately fast-growing tree. It will grow in well drained to dry soils but, it prefers limestone or calcareous soils. The bark is ash-gray and scaly, flaking similarly to black cherry. The flowers are dioecious, and the fruit is a hard-shelled bean in heavy, woody, thick-walled pods. The pod length ranges from about 5 to 10 inches; unfertilized female trees may bear miniature seedless pods. The beans of the tree were eaten by native americans and, after roasting, drank the roasted ground seeds in a hot beverage similar to coffee.
Hazelnut is a shrub that grows best in moist fertile soils in thickets and makes good hedgerows and woodland borders. The nuts are edible and highly in demand. The nuts are consumed by a variety of animals such as; pheasants, turkey, squirrels, and grouse. The dense thickets make good cover for woodcock, grouse, and small mammals.
Nannyberry is a shrub that grows to 6-8 feet. It prefers moist fertile soil and shady border areas. It produces many small white flowers in late spring. Berries are showy, dark blue-to-black color. The berries make excellent winter food for birds, squirrels, and deer.